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Euro-Global Conference on Biotechnology and Bioengineering

November 16-18, 2020 | Rome, Italy

Scopus Indexed Conference
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Holiday Inn Rome - Aurelia
Via Aurelia Km 8,400
Rome 00163, Italy
Phone : +1 (702) 988 2320
Toll Free: 1800 883 8082
Whatsapp: +1 434 381 1007
Email: biotechnology@magnusmeetings.com
November 16-18, 2020 | Rome, Italy

Yonca Yuzugullu Karakus

Leading speakers for Biotechnology conferences - Yonca Yuzugullu Karakus
Yonca Yuzugullu Karakus
Kocaeli University, Turkey
Title : New discoveries on monofunctional catalases

Abstract:

Catalases (EC 1.11.1.6) are redox enzymes responsible for the dismutation of H2O2 into water and molecular oxygen. These metalloproteins are found in aerobic organisms and play a crucial role in prokaryotic and eukaryotic cell detoxification. Catalases have been studied for over 100 years, with examples of the enzyme isolated, purified and characterized from many different organisms. The crystal structures of 15 heme-containing catalases have now been solved, revealing a common, highly conserved core in all enzymes. The active centre consists of a haem with a tyrosine ligand on the proximal side and a conserved histidine and an aspartate flanking the putative peroxide-binding site on the distal side. Three channels, the main channel oriented perpendicular to the plane of the haem, the lateral channel approaching the plane of the haem and the central channel leading from the distal side of the haem to the central cavity, connect the deeply buried active site to the exterior of the enzyme. The main channel is believed to be a primary route for the access of peroxide to the active site. The lateral or minor channel approaches the haem from above, adjacent to the essential asparagine, and emerges on the enzyme surface at a location corresponding to the NADP(H)-binding pocket in catalases that bind a nicotinamide cofactor. The function of this channel remains unknown, although molecular-dynamics simulations suggest that water can exit the protein through this channel. Although catalases have been studied for many years, a peroxide independent oxidative activity of catalases has recently been recognized. For example, Scytalidium thermophilum catalase (CATPO) has been shown to oxidize o-diphenolic and some p-diphenolic compounds in the absence of hydrogen peroxide. This peroxide independent secondary activity of catalases has also been identified in other catalases (mammalian catalase and catalases from Aspergillus niger, Corynebacterium glutamicum, Thermobifida fusca and Amaranthus cruentus) and has been presumed to also occur at the heme active site. Based on structural, mutation and kinetic data, the pocket at the entrance to the lateral channel has been identified as the site of both oxidase substrate and catalase inhibitors. Peroxide independent phenolic substrate oxidation is then likely to occur in a similar manner to NADPH oxidation, via electron transfer from the substrate to a high-valent iron–oxo intermediate, presumably formed via reaction with oxygen.

Presentation Learning Outcome

  • Follow the latest discoveries on catalase function
     
  • Examine protein crystallography techniques
     
  • Explain the significance of protein structure for understanding the enzymatic catalytic mechanism(s)
     
  • Explain the structure-function analysis of catalases

Biography:

Dr. Yonca Yuzugullu Karakus studied Biology at Ankara University, Turkey and graduated in 2002. She then joined the research group of Prof. Zümrüt B. Ögel at the Graduate School of Natural and Applied Sciences, Middle East Technical University (METU). She received her PhD degree in 2010 at the same graduate school. After one year postdoctoral fellowship supervised by Prof. Michael J. McPherson at the Biomolecular Engineering Laboratory, UK, she obtained the position of Assistant Professor at Kocaeli Univeristy. She has published 13 research articles in SCI(E) journals.

 

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