Agricultural biotechnology, also known as agritech, is a branch of agricultural science that involves the modification of living organisms such as plants, animals, and microorganisms using scientific tools and techniques such as genetic engineering, molecular markers, molecular diagnostics, vaccines, and tissue culture. Crop biotechnology is an area of agricultural biotechnology that has seen a lot of advancement recently. The agricultural biotechnology sector (Ag Biotech) and therapeutic biotechnology have a scientific underpinning, as well as similar characteristics such as a long time to market for developing goods. Agricultural biotechnology has the potential to improve global food security by increasing agricultural productivity and production. There is rising concern about genetically modified crops and their consequences on the food chain.
Genetics and genomics, marker-assisted selection (MAS), and transgenic (genetically modified) crops are examples of plant biotechnologies that aid in the development of novel varieties and attributes. Researchers can use these biotechnologies to find and map genes, learn about their roles, select for specific genes in genetic resources and breeding, and transfer genes for specific qualities into plants where they are needed. Plant biotechnology focusing on seed-varietal enhancement, such as GM technology and molecular-assisted breeding, has resulted in products that assist farmers in achieving higher yields in a more sustainable manner. Plant biotechnology refers to a range of approaches for adapting plants to meet specific requirements or opportunities.