Environmental biotechnology is an entity of scientific and engineering knowledge relating to the use of microbes and their products in the prevention of pollution by biotreatment of solid, liquid, and gaseous wastes, bioremediation of polluted environments, and environmental and treatment process biomonitoring. The following are some of the benefits of biotechnological waste treatment: biodegradation or detoxification of a wide range of hazardous substances by natural microorganisms; availability of a wide range of biotechnological methods for complete waste destruction; and diversity of biodegradation conditions. Environmental biotechnology specifically refers to the use of procedures to safeguard and restore the environment's quality. Environmental biotechnology can be employed in a variety of methods to detect, prevent, and remediate toxic emissions into the environment. In this approach, environmental biotechnology can contribute significantly to long-term growth. It is one of the most rapidly expanding and practical scientific topics nowadays. The genetics, biochemistry, and physiology of exploitable microbes are being rapidly transformed into commercially available technology for reversing and avoiding additional environmental degradation.