Title: Conservation of endangered medicinal plant species, use of DNA barcoding
The field of molecular biology has brought many innovations in biodiversity research, with the emerging field of DNA barcoding, which is having a growing impact on plant identification. In DNA barcoding, standard molecular markers are used for species identification of the material that has hitherto been hard or impossible to identify such as sterile plant vouchers, plant parts and even processed herbal products. Widespread use of DNA barcoding for plant identification faces challenges such as the selection of suitable markers that are both variable and easy to amplify, and the exhaustive presence of these markers for species in public nucleotide repositories. In recent years, researchers have successfully shown the power and accuracy of plant barcoding by creating molecular identification systems for various purposes, such as the identification of specific medicinal plant species susceptible to adulteration, overharvested and endangered taxa, and monitoring of cross-border trade in CITES-listed species. As markers, nucleotide repositories and sequencing technology improve, these methods will become ubiquitous and will facilitate the identification of products derived from wild-harvested medicinal plants and the enforcement of the Convention on Biological Diversity Nagoya Protocol on Access and Benefit-sharing.
Audience Take Away Notes :
- The audience will learn the power and accuracy of plant barcoding by creating molecular identification systems for various purposes, such as the identification of specific medicinal plant species susceptible to adulteration, overharvested and endangered taxa, and monitoring of cross-border trade in CITES-listed species.
- A strategy which would satisfy the requirements of sustainable harvesting, yet simultaneously provide for primary health care needs, would be the substitution of bark or underground parts with leaves of the same plant.
- This will be very helpful for researchers and teachers to expand their knowledge more. By educating the peoples about the endangered species. By protecting the wildlife habitats. By preventing the peoples from using animal lather product. By providing enough water and food to the species for their nutrition.
- It also tells us about the best way to protect endangered species is to protect the places where they live. Get involved by volunteering at your local nature center or wildlife refuge. Go wildlife or bird watching in nearby parks. Wildlife related recreation creates millions of jobs and supports local businesses.
- The special significance of medicinal plants in conservation stems from the major cultural, livelihood or economic roles that they play in many people's lives. Uses of Medicinal Plants as a traditional medicine are followed by around 80% peoples in the world.